Behavior-Driven Testing (BDT), also known as Behavior-Driven Development (BDD), is a testing approach that emphasizes collaboration between technical and non-technical team members to define and understand the expected behavior of software. It focuses on clear communication and well-defined specifications to ensure that software meets the desired business outcomes.

Key Concepts ofBehavior-Driven Testing

A test framework is a set of guidelines, coding standards, and reusable components that aid in the automation and execution of tests. It includes key elements such as

BDT promotes collaboration between developers, testers, and business stakeholders to create a shared understanding of the software’s behavior.

Natural Language

BDT uses natural language specifications to describe the expected behavior of the software. This makes it more accessible to non-technical team members.


Test scenarios are written from the end user’s perspective, describing how the application should behave in various situations.


While BDT is primarily about communication, it often involves test automation to validate the defined behavior.

Benefits ofBehavior-Driven Testing


Natural language specifications make it easier for non-technical stakeholders to understand and contribute to the testing process.


BDT helps align testing efforts with business objectives, ensuring that the software behaves as expected from the user’s perspective.


Test scenarios can be reused for different parts of the application, reducing redundancy.

Continuous Testing

BDT can be integrated into the development process, allowing for continuous testing and early issue detection.


BDT scenarios serve as living documentation, providing insights into the intended behavior of the software.

Workflow inBehavior-Driven Testing

In Test and Automation, various test frameworks are commonly used, depending on the technology stack and testing needs


Team members collaborate to define and refine the expected behavior of the software.
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Step 01


Behavior is described in natural language, often using a "Given-When-Then" structure.
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Step 02


Automation code is written to execute the defined scenarios and validate the behavior.
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Step 03


BDT scenarios are executed regularly as part of the testing process.
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Step 04
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